||practice – the act of
||a philosophy according
to which there is no duality – only a singular state of consciousness
||one of the shatkarmas
(cleansing practices) -intestinal cleansing
– one of the yamas of ashtanga yoga
of ‘soham’ mantra
||energy center located
behind the forehead, also called psychic centre – one of the seven
||energy center located
in the heart region; also called pranic centre – fourth of the seven
||internal yoga cleansing
||internal breath retention.
The stage of pranayama where breath is retained after inhalation.
||internal silence – a meditation
||half bow yoga pose
||half spinal twist yoga
||half lotus pose
or yoga pose, also called yogasana. A balanced position
for smooth energy flow in specific areas of the body and mind.
||residential place of people
living together in yogic tradition.
||the eight fold path of
yoga as outlined by Patanjali: yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara,
dharana, dhyana, samadhi
||practice of contracting
the anal sphincter.
||external breath retention.
The stage of pranayama where breath is retained after exhalation.
||concentrating the attention
(gaze) upon an external object such as a candle flame.
||a posture in which organs
and muscles are contracted to create energy lock in a specific area.
||a colon cleansing
technique (shakarma), yogic enema
||a part of the famous Hindu
epic ‘Mahabharata’. Teachings of Lord Krishna to his disciple Arjuna
at the commencement of the battle of Kurukshetra, with explanations
on sannyasa yoga, karma yoga, bhakti yoga, and jnana yoga.
||the yoga of devotion.
breathing technique in which the breath is forcibly drawn
in and out through the nose in equal proportions, like the pumping
action of the bellows.
||breathing practice in
which a soft "humming-bee" sound is produced during exhalation
to stimulate the Ajna Chakra
meaning circle or wheel, in yoga this refers to the energy centers
lying along the confluence of the nadis (energy channels)
||psychic space in front
of the closed eyes, just behind the forehead.
||hand gesture in which
the first finger is kept at the root of the thumb, the last three
fingers are unfolded.
||one of the cleansing techniques
(shatkarmas), used to clean the oesophagus with a stick.
||teeth cleansing technique
pose; backward bending yoga pose
||practice of concentration;
sixth of the eight fold path in ashtanga yoga
||duty, righteous path
||second of the shatkarmas;
cleansing technique of the eyes, ears, tongue, forehead, oesophagus,
stomach, rectum and anus
single-pointed focus of mind on either a form, thought or sound.
||initiation given by the
||three humours of the body;
see kapha, pitta, vata
or cleansing technique using milk
||neti (nasal cleansing
technique) performed with ghee
||quality of nature viz.
tamas, rajas, sattwa
||the ‘secret’ pose
soul, who can dispel darkness, ignorance and illusion from the mind
and enlighten the consciousness of a devotee/disciple
||science of yoga which
purifies the whole physical body by means of shatkarma, asana, pranayama,
mudra, bandha and concentration
||psychic space of the heart
||one of the main energy
channels running on the left side of the spine from the mooladhara
(base) chakra to the ajna chakra in the head.
yoga technique of enema using
water – one of the yoga shatkarma
||a shatkarma technique
– cleansing of the nasal passages with water by alternating the flow
of water in the nostrils, preferably using a neti pot.
lock’ to restrict the flow of bereath through the throat – done by
resting the chin on the upper sternum (chest).
||continuous chanting i.e
repetition of a mantra
||one of the shatkarma techniques
for cleansing the tongue.
||the gesture of knowledge
– in this the index finger is bent so that its tip is joined with
the tip of the thumb, the other three fingers are spread out.
||the yoga of knowledge
– attained through spontaneous self-analysis and investigation of
abstract and speculative ideas.
||skull or cerebrum
||a breathing technique
aimed at cleaning the frontal part of the brain; also called skull
polishing – done through rapid breaths with more force on exhalation.
||action; the act of doing
||the yoga of action – aims
at supreme consciousness through action; discussed in Bhagavad Gita
||one of the shatkarma which
involves cleansing the ears.
of breath without any conscious effort.
||afflictions or tensions
– according to yoga there are 5 such afflictions present in humans
pose – an advanced posture.
||sheath or body; realm
of experience and existence.
||activity, dynamic yogic
|| the practice of kundalini
||man’s retained energy
or potential energy and consciousness
||refers to the human’s
potential energy lying dormant in mooladhara (base) chakra like a
coiled serpent. When awakened it rises up through the sushumna nadi.
the awakening of potential energy and inherent consciousness within
the human body and mind.
||a shatkarma (cleansing)
technique that involves the cleansing of the stomach by drinking in
water and then expelling it by inducing vomiting.
shatkarma technique – also referred as the short intestinal wash.
Involves the drinking of several glasses of water and the expelling
it through stool after a series of exercises (asanas); in the process
a thorough cleansing of the colon takes place.
||union with the supreme
consciousness through pranayama or devotion. Literally, union by absorption
||the great lock – combines
the three locks in yoga – the moola bandha, jalandhara bandha and
uddiyana bandha – together with breath retention.
||the great gesture – combines
the practice of moola bandha, shambhavi and khechari mudras simultaneously.
||literally means ‘great
nadi’, which is the ‘sushumna’ in yoga
||the energy center above
the ajna chakra – is depicted with six petals
||the energy centre in the
spinal column located behind the navel – corresponding to the solar
||subtle sound vibration,
which through repetition aims at expanding one’s awareness or consciousness.
||the power of mantra
||a spine twisting pose
pose – advanced pose aims at strengthening the arms and stimulating
the manipura chakra.
||liberation from the cycle
of birth and death.
||energy lock created by
the contraction of the perineum in the male and the cervix in the
||lowest energy centre in
the human body where the kundalini shakti (serpent power) resides
– situated in the perineal floor in men and the cervix in women.
or swooning breath’ in which the breath is inhaled slowly and retained
for an extended period.
||silence – the practice
||literally means ‘gesture’
– mudra expresses and channelizes cosmic energy within the mind and
||energy channels in the
body, similar to the meridians in acupuncture
|Nadi shodhana pranayama
||breathing technique –
is the ‘alternate nostril breathing’ or ‘balanced breathing’ – balances
the energy flow in the channels and purifies the energy channels (nadi)
by balancing the flow of breath through the right and left nostrils.
||hand gesture adopted during
pranayama to alternate the flow of breath through the nostrils.
massage’ – a cleansing technique (shatkarma) involving the contraction
of the rectus abdominal muscles.
||another shatkarma (cleansing
technique) – involves cleaning of the nasal passages or sinus
irrigation; jala neti forms a part of the various neti kriyas.
||rule; there are 5 rules
described in the Ashtanga Yoga of Patanjali.
||the universal mantra;
cosmic vibration of the universe; represents the four states of consciousness
||foot; section of a literary
||lotus pose – a seated
||the five tantric practices
: mansa(meat), madhya(wine), matsya(fish), mudra(grain), and maithuna(sexual
||the five elements – earth,
water, fire, air and ether
||highest, supreme, God
||the supreme atma; God
||stage of perception of
||back stretching pose
||author of the Yoga Sutras
and preacher of the eight-fold (ashtanga) yoga
||energy channel terminating
at the right big toe, between poosha and pingala channels
||one of the main energy
channels running on the right side of the spine from the mooladhara
(base) chakra to the ajna chakra in the head by intersecting various
chakras on the way.
||breathing technique which
involves gulping air and swallowing it into the stomach and retaining
||full moon night
||fulfillment of desire
||vital energy force sustaining
life and creation
||technique of breathing
and breath control which regulates energy flow and aims at maintaining
||an offering usually food
to and from the guru or higher power
||sense withdrawal; first
stage of concentrating on the mind during meditation
||nature of the mind
||eighteen ancient books
consisting of legends and mythological narrations dealing with creation,
recreation and the genealogies of sages and rulers
||purpose of the consciousness,
of man’s existence- the four basic needs or desires, arth, kaama,
||yoga in which union is
achieved through concentration of mind
||red bindu, same as beeja(seed)
bindu, shakti bindu; the potentially creative bindu from which creation
springs; often refers to the ovum.
||Lord Shiva ; Rudra is
said to have sprung from Brahma’s forehead and is one of the holy
||highest energy centre
located at the crown of the head
||the final stage of ashtanga
yoga in which concentration becomes one with the object of concentration;
||impressions stored in
the mind that form the basis of our beliefs, attitudes and personality.
||one who has renounced
the world in seek of self-realization.
||Goddess who bestows knowledge
of fine arts and power of speech
||shoulderstand – an inverted
||guru who has attained
||quality unwavering purity
||truth-one of the yamas
||Breathing technique which
involves hissing leading to a cooling effect upon the whole body.
||cosmic causal state.
||vital force; energy
||a yoga gesture in which
one focusses at the mid-eyebrow centre
||the six yogic techniques
of purification of the body, viz. neti, dhauti, nauli, basti, trataka,
breath’ – a pranayama technique that lowers the body temperature by
inhaling through the mouth while letting the breath flow in over the
|Siddha yoni asana
||the female counterpart
of the siddhasana meditative posture, in which the left heel presses
the entrance to the vagina
||a meditative seating posture
in which the left heel presses the perineum (stimulating the mooladhara
chakra); also called as the adept’s pose or the ‘pose of perfection’.
||inverted pose – the ‘headstand’
in which the body is inverted and balanced on the crown of the head
||represents a mantra in
meditation; literally means, ‘I am That’. Represents the Psychic sound
with the sound ‘so’ during inhalation and ‘ham’ during exhalation.
||sixteen petalled chakra
situated above ajna and manas chakras
||a comfortable meditative
pose; also called the ‘easy pose’ or simply the cross-legged pose.
|Surya bheda pranayama
||breathing technique in
which inhalation is done through the right nostril ; increases vitality
||see ‘pingala nadi’
||main energy channel in
yoga, in the centre of the spinal cord through which kundalini shakti
||yogic technique to cleanse
the nasal passage using a special thread
||second chakra in the spinal
column, above the mooladhara.
||auspicious pose -meditative
posture similar to siddhasana
||palm tree pose- standing
||the quality of inertia,
||twisting cobra pose
||swaying palm tree pose
||one of the cleansing techniques
(shatkarma) in which the gaze is focussed upon an object such as a
retraction lock’; drawing in of the abdomen towards the backbone after
||a kind of breathing technique
which produces a light sonorous sound.
||the ‘thunderbolt’ pose;
a kneeling posture with buttocks resting upon the heels.
||flow of breath in the
||yogic technique to cleanse
the stomach by voluntary vomiting. There are two types: kunjal kriya
(regurgitating of water) and vyaghra (regurgitating of food)
||yogic cleansing technique
in which a large quantity of water is drunk in conjunction with asanas
to cleanse the entire digestive tract; also known as shankhaprakshalana.
||ability to control all
objects, living and non-living
||yogic detoxification technique
in which a specially prepared cloth is swallowed and removed after
ten minutes, in order to remove mucus from the stomach
||a cleansing technique
in which the air swallowed into the stomach is belched out.
||four ancient texts- Rig,
Yajur, Sama, Atharva, which are further divided into Samhita, Brahmana,
Aranayaka and Upanishads. They were revealed to the sages and saints
of India which explain and regulate every aspect of life from supreme
reality to worldly affairs. The oldest books in the library of mankind.
||hero,s pose – for concentration
and discrminative thinking.
||one of the energy centres
located in the spine behind the throat and connected with the cervical
plexus, tonsils and thyroid gland.
||emanating from Yamnotri
in the Himalayas and joining Ganga near Allahabd, North India;refers
to pingala nadi in the pranic body.
||state of union between
two opposites – body and mind; individual and universal consciousness;
a process of uniting the opposing forces in the body and mind in order
to achieve supreme awareness and enlightenment.
||practice of yoga.
||a deep relaxation technique
also called ‘yogic sleep’ in which mind and body is at complete rest
but with complete awareness.